The American Eskimo is one of a number of Spitz breeds which
trace their lineage back to the "Peat-Moss" dogs which extended over
both Northern & Central Europe and Asia.  The Peat-Moss dogs are dated
back to the Neolithic or Late Stone Age, 4000 - 1900 B.C., which is the
oldest form of the domesticated dog.

	Well preserved skeletons were discovered in the peat-moss layers
in the lakes and the swampy moors that were so common in that era.
These "Peat-bogs" were very abundant in tannic acid - a natural
preservative.  The remains of these dogs were found with the remains of
small villages of that time.  These ancient remains of dogs were
classified and compared to the modern day dog by German archaeologist
Karl Ludwig Ruetimeyer.  It was discovered that the remains were very
close not only in shape but in size to one of the Spitz breeds, that
being the German Spitz.

	The German Spitz served its master as an all round watchdog,
escort and family companion through thousands of years.  The thick coat
made him resistant to all weather conditions.  The dog accompanied
covered wagons on the road as an incorruptible watchdog, and on board
ships it was a reliable protector of the load.  As a family pet it is a
happy, intelligent playmate for the family as well as a pleasant and
loveable companion.

	Throughout the years, numerous famous people owned and adored
the breed.  Some of those are the well known painter Michelangelo, the
renowned composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the painter and artist Adrian
Ludwig Richter, and the Prince of Wales.

	In 1899 the German Spitz Club in Germany was formed.  A written
standard was drafted and the dedication of the German breeders since
that time has been unadulterated.

	The United States did not see the German Spitz until it was
brought over to this Country with the first German Settlers.  The breed
was cherished by its owners for a number of years and was always ready
to serve in whatever manner his master may have required of him.

	In the early 1920's, a very small group of dedicated breeders
approached the United Kennel Club to register the breed.  The first
"documented" registration was in the year 1922.  In that year there were
7 dogs registered under the breed name of just "Spitz" (The German Spitz
was also very well known just by the name of Spitz").  In 1925, with the
anti German sentiment arising in the U.S., the breed name was changed to
American Eskimo.  This name was adopted from the kennel name of Mr. &
Mrs. Hall, who were well known breeders at that time.  Still for many
years after the breed name change the breed was known as the "Spitz",
"Eskimo Spitz", and "American Eskimo Spitz".

	After registration, breeders continued to strive to improve the
breed.   The breed became very popular with the circus as it was
exceedingly agile and easy to train.  In the 30's there were UKC
licensed shows and in the 40's there were Clubs wanting to form.  During
the 50's there was a decline in activity in exhibiting the breed but
through the official magazine, "Bloodlines", articles from breeders
continued, and the promotion of a quality dog from breeders with strong
ethics continued to grow.

	In 1969, the National American Eskimo Dog Association was formed
and an official standard was written.  The breed was divided into 2
sizes, standard and miniatures, by weight.  This was not new as in the
late 40's and 50's ads may be found in "Bloodlines" magazine advertising
standard and "toy" varieties.

	Since then, the Standard of the breed has been revised and
improved.  Standard and miniatures are measured, no longer weighed.
There are numerous, very active Clubs, and breeders still strive to
improve the breed.

In 1995, the American Eskimo Dog achieved total recognition by the American 
Kennel Club. The American Kennel Club recognizes the Toy, Miniature, 
and the Standard sizes.

	Today the American Eskimo is a highly intelligent, multi purpose
working breed with a versatility that is astounding.  It is used as an
able bodied protector of the home, a guarder and herder of livestock, a
therapy dog, and as a circus dog, just to name a few of its talents.
Breeders are dedicated to not only preserve the breed's fine qualities
and natural instincts, but to steadily refine its attributes.

Quote from 1948 Bloodlines:

"The American Eskimo is one of the best watch dogs known.  Nothing can
slip up on them that they don't give warning.  They are used as cattle
herders on farms, and they make natural squirrel dogs.  These things I
know to be a fact because some of my own dogs that I sold are doing
these very things including circus acts.  What more could anyone ask or
expect of any dog that has all the qualities of the American Eskimo."

				Mrs. J. F. Chandley




Debbie & Rick Mitchell
Krum, Texas

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© 2006 A&M Designs & Debonair American Eskimos - Updated: 16-May-2006